Mar Vista Animal Medical Center

3850 Grand View Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90066

(310)391-6741

marvistavet.com

SUCRALFATE

(for veterinary information only)

 

BRAND NAME: CARAFATE

 

AVAILABLE IN
1 GRAM TABLETS
AND
ORAL SUSPENSION

 

BACKGROUND

Stomach ulceration in humans is a prominent medical condition and there has long been pressure to develop effective and convenient ways to address this problem. Until relatively recently, we relied on simply neutralizing stomach acid by pouring alkaline solutions (i.e. Alka Seltzer, Tums, Rolaids etc.) into the stomach. In fact, ulceration is a complicated process and there are many ways to address it.

Sucralfate was developed as an adjunctive treatment for stomach ulcers in humans. Sucralfate is a sucrose aluminum hydroxide compound that forms a gel-like webbing over ulcerated or eroded tissues, thus serving as a sort of a bandage. It is effective in the upper GI tract: stomach, duodenum (upper small intestine), and esophagus.

Sucralfate not only “bandages” the ulcer but accumulates healing tissue factors in its bandage; it not only protects the ulcer but actively assists in the healing process.

 

HOW THIS MEDICATION IS USED

Sucralfate may be used in any condition associated with stomach ulceration. Common examples include: toxin ingestion, kidney failure, liver failure, certain forms of cancer, and megaesophagus. It is also often given with medications that are associated with stomach ulceration such as piroxicam (feldene®) or aspirin.

One dose of Sucralfate lasts approximately 6 hours after it is taken orally.

 

SIDE EFFECTS

Because sucralfate is a locally acting medication and is not absorbed into the body it has very limited side effects potential. Approximately 2% of humans taking sucralfate report constipation as a side effect.

 

INTERACTIONS WITH OTHER DRUGS

The following medications do not work well in patients taking concurrent sucralfate:

This problem is solved by staggering sucralfate administration with the administration of these other medications by at least 2 hours.

Sucralfate requires stomach acid in order to form its protective gel. If possible, it should be given 30 minutes prior to the administration of an antacid.

 

CONCERNS AND CAUTIONS

Sucralfate tablets do not dissolve well intact and should be crushed, mixed in a little water and given as a slurry.

Despite the presence of sucrose in the molecular formula of this medication, there is no problem administering sucralfate to diabetic patients.

Sucralfate must be given 3 - 4 times daily in order to provide a continuous protective layer on the ulcer. This is an inconvenient schedule but if doses are skipped, the ulcer goes unprotected for that period of time.

Ideally, this medication is given on an empty stomach (at least one hour before feeding or two hours after).

** NOTE: Administration of sucralfate within 12-24 hours of endoscopy can make the detection of stomach and upper intestinal ulcers very difficult. If your pet is to have endoscopy and is currently taking sucralfate, find out how far in advance of the procedure the specialist prefers that the medication be discontinued.

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Last updated 7/10/2016